The share of human population living in urban environment is more than at any other time, and this trend is set to continue in coming decades. Therefore, optimal allocation of resources in cities has become even more challenging than before. Ensuring living standards while at the same time managing required infrastructure demands complex planning across vastly different domains. Adding to the challenge is the dynamic and varied nature of today cities.

Sustainable development and environmentally friendly designs are an absolute necessity contributing to the smart infrastructure development. “Master planning” for current and future smart cities is bound to entail more complexities.

Ensuring consistency via CMCL’s Ontology Engineering approach helps build a unified cyber-physical system in which interactions of all urban elements (e.g. energy, water networks, population flow, public transport fleet, mobility schemes, etc.) could be accounted for in a dynamic and realistic way. Various urban design scenarios (“parallel or mirror worlds”) could be developed and assessed in a comprehensive and consistent manner to offer decision support.